The law and the promise (Gal. 3:18)

“If the inheritance

Comes

From the law,

It no longer comes

From the promise.

But God gave it

To Abraham

By a promise.”

εἰ γὰρ ἐκ νόμου ἡ κληρονομία, οὐκέτι ἐξ ἐπαγγελίας· τῷ δὲ Ἀβραὰμ δι’ ἐπαγγελίας κεχάρισται ὁ Θεός.

Paul said, “If the inheritance (ἡ κληρονομία,) comes from the law (εἰ γὰρ ἐκ νόμου), it no longer comes from the promise (οὐκέτι ἐξ ἐπαγγελίας).  But God (ὁ Θεός) gave it (κεχάρισται) to Abraham (τῷ δὲ Ἀβραὰμ) by a promise (δι’ ἐπαγγελίας).”  Paul pointed out that there was a difference between an inheritance and a promise.  If the inheritance came from the law, then it no longer came from the promise to Abraham.  Paul put the covenant, the promise, and the inheritance on one side, while the law of Moses was on the other side.  Although the law of Moses ratified the covenant of God with Abraham, it was not the source of the inheritance that came from the promise or treaty with Abraham.  Thus, Paul stressed the importance of Abraham over Moses.  Do you prefer Abraham or Moses?

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