“Why then the law?
It was added
Because of the transgressions,
Until the offspring
To whom the promise had been made.
It was ordained
By the hands of a mediator.”
Τί οὖν ὁ νόμος; τῶν παραβάσεων χάριν προσετέθη, ἄχρις ἂν ἔλθῃ τὸ σπέρμα ᾧ ἐπήγγελται, διαταγεὶς δι’ ἀγγέλων ἐν χειρὶ μεσίτου.
Paul said, “Why then the law (Τί οὖν ὁ νόμος)? It was added (προσετέθη) because of the transgressions (τῶν παραβάσεων χάριν), until the offspring or seed would come (ἄχρις ἂν ἔλθῃ τὸ σπέρμα) to whom the promise had been made (ᾧ ἐπήγγελται). It was ordained by angels (δι’ ἀγγέλων) by the hands of a mediator (ἐν χειρὶ μεσίτου).” Only the Pauline letters used this word παραβάσεων, that means a going aside, a transgression, or a deviation, and the word μεσίτου, that means an arbitrator, a mediator, or intermediary. Paul then asked a simple question. What was the purpose of the Mosaic law? Paul maintained that the Mosaic law was given because there were so many transgressors. The law exposed the wicked ways of the Israelites. Thus, the Israelites would have a heighted sense of sin with the realization of what the ideal behavior might be. Remember the Israelites rebelled in the desert wilderness itself. Paul again pointed out the importance of the promise to Abraham, not the Mosaic law. The law was given to Moses from the hands of angels. Moses was seen as the intermediary between God and man. Thus, the law came through the hands of Moses. However, it was temporary until the promised offspring or seed of Abraham would come, that was Jesus Christ. Do you see the Mosaic law as temporary?