One offspring (Gal. 3:16)

“Now the promises

Were made

To Abraham

And to his offspring.

It does not say.

‘And to the offsprings,’

Referring to many.

But says.

‘And to your offspring,’

That is one person,

Who is Christ.”

τῷ δὲ Ἀβραὰμ ἐρρέθησαν αἱ ἐπαγγελίαι καὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτοῦ. οὐ λέγει Καὶ τοῖς σπέρμασιν, ὡς ἐπὶ πολλῶν, ἀλλ’ ὡς ἐφ’ ἑνός Καὶ τῷ σπέρματί σου, ὅς ἐστιν Χριστός.

Paul said, “Now the promises (αἱ ἐπαγγελίαι) were made or spoken (ἐρρέθησαν) to Abraham (τῷ δὲ Ἀβραὰμ) and to his offspring or seed (καὶ τῷ σπέρματι αὐτοῦ).  It does not say (οὐ λέγει), ‘And to the offsprings or seeds (Καὶ τοῖς σπέρμασιν),’ referring to many (ὡς ἐπὶ πολλῶν).  But says to your offspring or seed (Καὶ τῷ σπέρματί σου), to one person (ἀλλ’ ὡς ἐφ’ ἑνός), who is Christ (ὅς ἐστιν Χριστός).”  Paul referenced Genesis chapter 22:18, about the promise from God to Abraham.  “Your offspring shall possess the gates of their enemies, and by your offspring shall all the nations of the earth gain blessing for themselves, because you have obeyed my voice.”  All the nations of the world would receive blessings through Abraham and his offspring.  Paul made a big deal about the use of the singular not the plural for offspring or seed of Abraham.  It was not many offsprings or seeds, but one offspring or seed, Jesus Christ.  Paul was clear and unambiguous.  Jesus Christ was the descendant of the promise made to Abraham, no one else.  Thus, early Christians would develop the idea of Isaac, the chosen son of Abraham, as the type of Christ, the suffering servant.  Paul preferred the offspring of Abraham over that of the legacy of King David.  Do you feel that you are a descendant of Abraham?

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