Live like a gentile (Gal. 2:14)

“But when I saw

That they were not acting consistently

With the truth of the gospel,

I said to Cephas

Before them all.

‘If you,

Though a Jew,

Live like a gentile

And not like a Jew,

How can you compel

The gentiles

To live like Jews?’”

ἀλλ’ ὅτε εἶδον ὅτι οὐκ ὀρθοποδοῦσιν πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, εἶπον τῷ Κηφᾷ ἔμπροσθεν πάντων Εἰ σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὑπάρχων ἐθνικῶς καὶ οὐκ Ἰουδαϊκῶς ζῇς, πῶς τὰ ἔθνη ἀναγκάζεις ἰουδαΐζειν;

Paul said “When I saw (ἀλλ’ ὅτε εἶδον) that they were not acting consistently (ὅτι οὐκ ὀρθοποδοῦσιν) with the truth of the gospel (πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου), I said to Cephas (εἶπον τῷ Κηφᾷ) before them all (ἔμπροσθεν πάντων).  ‘If you, though a Jew (Εἰ σὺ Ἰουδαῖος), live (ζῇς) like a gentile (ὑπάρχων ἐθνικῶς) and not like a Jew (καὶ οὐκ Ἰουδαϊκῶς), how can you compel the gentiles (πῶς τὰ ἔθνη ἀναγκάζεις) to live like Jews (ἰουδαΐζειν)?’”  Only this Galatian letter used this word ὀρθοποδοῦσιν, that means to walk straight, a straight course, or walk uprightly, and the word ἰουδαΐζειν, that means Judaize or live as a Jew.  Finally, Paul sounded off against Peter in front of all the Jewish Christians there.  They were not acting consistently or straight in the gospel truth of Jesus Christ.  Thus, he said to Peter, if he was a Jew living like a gentile and not like a Jew, how could he ask the gentiles to become Jewish?  Paul was referring to Peter’s behavior before the Jewish Christians from Jerusalem showed up in Antioch.  In the Book of Esther, chapter 8:17, the gentiles were afraid of Jews so they circumcised themselves.  Paul maintained that Peter was the true hypocrite.  He had been eating with the gentile Christians until this group from Jerusalem showed up.  They just had that big discussion and debate in Jerusalem to resolve this issue and now it came up again.  Paul confronted Peter directly.  This issue of Jews and gentiles was a big deal with Paul.  Do you socialize with Jewish or gentile people?

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