Watch out for Satan! (2 Cor. 2:11)

“We do this

So that we will not be outwitted

By Satan.

We are not ignorant

Of his designs.”

ἵνα μὴ πλεονεκτηθῶμεν ὑπὸ τοῦ Σατανᾶ· οὐ γὰρ αὐτοῦ τὰ νοήματα ἀγνοοῦμεν.

Paul said that we did this so that they would not be outwitted (ἵνα μὴ πλεονεκτηθῶμεν) by Satan (ὑπὸ τοῦ Σατανᾶ).  They were not ignorant of his designs (οὐ γὰρ αὐτοῦ τὰ νοήματα ἀγνοοῦμεν).  Only the Pauline letters used these Greek words πλεονεκτηθῶμεν, that means to have more, to overreach, take advantage of, or defraud, and the word νοήματα, that means thought, purpose, or design.  Paul was concerned about Satan.  Satan, also known as the devil, seduced humans into sin or falsehood.  In Judaism, Satan was typically regarded as a metaphor for “evil inclination”, or as an agent subservient to God.  Satan developed into a malevolent entity with abhorrent qualities in a dualistic opposition to God.  In the synoptic gospels, Satan tempted Jesus in the desert and is identified as the cause of illness and temptation.  Here Paul was concerned about the evil designs or purposes of Satan.  Paul was forgiving, so that Satan would not pry on the minds of those who were not forgiven.  Do you worry about Satan?

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