Grace be with you (Rom 16:20)

“The God of peace

Will soon crush Satan

Under your feet.

The grace

Of our Lord Jesus Christ

Be with you.”

ὁ δὲ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης συντρίψει τὸν Σατανᾶν ὑπὸ τοὺς πόδας ὑμῶν ἐν τάχει. Ἡ χάρις τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ μεθ’ ὑμῶν.

Paul then wrote this blessing.  “May the God of peace (ὁ δὲ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης) soon crush Satan (τὸν Σατανᾶν) under your feet (ὑπὸ τοὺς πόδας ὑμῶν).”  “The grace of our Lord (Ἡ χάρις τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν) Jesus (Ἰησοῦ) be with you (μεθ’ ὑμῶν).”  This blessing is similar to chapter 15:33, when he called on the God of peace to be with them.  “The God of peace (ὁ δὲ Θεὸς τῆς εἰρήνης) should be with you all (μετὰ πάντων ὑμῶν).  Amen (ἀμήν).”  He wanted the God of peace to be with all of them.  Was this a direct reference to God the Father or God the Son, Jesus Christ?  However, here he did not do add “Amen” as earlier.  Here God will crush Satan under their feet as found in Genesis, 3:14-15.  The phrase about the grace of Jesus indicates that Paul wanted the blessings of Jesus to be with them also.  How do you bless people?

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