‘Praise the Lord!
Let all the people
καὶ πάλιν Αἰνεῖτε, πάντα τὰ ἔθνη, τὸν Κύριον, καὶ ἐπαινεσάτωσαν αὐτὸν πάντες οἱ λαοί.
Paul said that again (καὶ πάλιν). “Praise (Αἰνεῖτε) the Lord (τὸν Κύριον)! All gentiles (πάντα τὰ ἔθνη)! Let all the people (πάντες οἱ λαοί) praise him (καὶ ἐπαινεσάτωσαν)!” This time Paul cited Psalm 117:1-2, that said, “Praise Yahweh! All you nations! Extol him! All you peoples! Great is his steadfast love toward us. The faithfulness of Yahweh endures forever. Praise Yahweh!” Psalm 117 is the shortest psalm with only two verses. This is really a doxology or a praise refrain. All the nations and people are to praise Yahweh for his great steadfast love and enduring faithfulness. This psalm begins and ends with the refrain of “Praise Yahweh,” “alleluia,” the Hebrew “Hallelujah.” Paul used his short psalm to indicate that everyone including all the nations, the gentiles, even the non-Jewish people, should praise the Lord. Paul continued to use the writings of the Hebrew Old Testament to show that gentiles should praise God just like the chosen Hebrew people. Do you praise God?