The stone and the rock (Rom 9:33)

“As it is written.

‘See!

I am laying in Zion

A stone

That will make men stumble,

A rock

That will make them fall.

Whoever believes in him

Will not be put to shame.’”

καθὼς γέγραπται Ἰδοὺ τίθημι ἐν Σιὼν λίθον προσκόμματος καὶ πέτραν σκανδάλου, καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπ’ αὐτῷ οὐ καταισχυνθήσεται.

Paul concluded that as it is written (καθὼς γέγραπται) in Isaiah, chapter 28:16, “See (Ἰδοὺ)!  I am laying (τίθημι) in Zion (ἐν Σιὼν) a stone (λίθον) that will make men stumble (προσκόμματος), a rock (καὶ πέτραν) that will make them fall (σκανδάλου).  Whoever believes in him (καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπ’ αὐτῷ) will not be put to shame (οὐ καταισχυνθήσεται).”  Paul now explained this stumbling stone based on the prophet Isaiah.  Yahweh, God, had told Isaiah that he was laying in Zion, a foundation stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation.  Anyone who trusted in this stone, probably Jesus, would not panic.  God was going to lay a new tested foundation as the precious cornerstone in Zion.  People who trusted in Yahweh would not panic.  The line and the plummet lead bob for this construction of the new Jerusalem would be justice and righteousness.  Paul took another angle on this cornerstone that became a stumbling stone, meaning Jesus.  How important is a foundation stone?

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