God decides about mercy and compassion (Rom 9:15)

“God said to Moses.

‘I will have mercy

On whom I have mercy.

I will have compassion

On whom I have compassion.’”

τῷ Μωϋσεῖ γὰρ λέγει Ἐλεήσω ὃν ἂν ἐλεῶ, καὶ οἰκτειρήσω ὃν ἂν οἰκτείρω.

Paul indicated that God said (γὰρ λέγει) to Moses (τῷ Μωϋσεῖ) that he would have mercy (Ἐλεήσω) on whom he had mercy (ὃν ἂν ἐλεῶ).  He would have compassion (καὶ οἰκτειρήσω) on whom he would have compassion (ὃν ἂν οἰκτείρω).  Only the Pauline letters used this word, οἰκτειρήσω, that means to pity or to have compassion on.  Paul showed off his Hebrew scripture knowledge.  Paul jumped to a citation from Moses in Exodus, chapter 33:19.  Moses had asked to see the glory of Yahweh.  Yahweh responded that he was gracious and merciful to whom he pleased.  “I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious.  I will show mercy to whom I will show mercy.”  God told Moses that his name was Yahweh.  But Moses could not see his face, because then he would die.  Paul pointed out that God had a choice.  He was merciful and compassion to whomever he wanted.  No one could force him to be kind or compassionate.  God was the one who decided everything.  Do you accept that God is all powerful?

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