Creation was subject to futility (Rom 8:20)

“Creation

Was subjected

To futility,

Not of its own will,

But by the will

Of the one

Who subjected it,

Yet in hope.”

τῇ γὰρ ματαιότητι ἡ κτίσις ὑπετάγη, οὐχ ἑκοῦσα, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸν ὑποτάξαντα, ἐφ’ ἑλπίδι

Paul said that creation (ἡ κτίσις) was subjected (ὑπετάγη) to futility or emptiness (τῇ γὰρ ματαιότητι), not of its own will (οὐχ ἑκοῦσα), but by the will of the one who subjected it (ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸν ὑποτάξαντα), yet in hope (ἐφ’ ἑλπίδι).  Only the Pauline letters used this word ἑκοῦσα, that means of one’s own free will, voluntary, or willingly.  Paul continued with the personification of creation.  This humanized creation was subject to the sinful humans who dominated it or subjected it.  This anthropomorphic creation did not will to be empty or futile, it was the humans who dominated the earth.  However, this personalized earthly creation, just like humans had hope of something better.  All of creation, both sinful humans and non-human creations were in expectation or hoping for a messiah, a Christ to save them.  Do you believe that all of creation is waiting in hope of a savior?

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