“Hoping against hope,
That he would become
The father of many nations.
According to what was said.
‘So numerous shall your descendants be.’”
ὃς παρ’ ἐλπίδα ἐπ’ ἐλπίδι ἐπίστευσεν εἰς τὸ γενέσθαι αὐτὸν πατέρα πολλῶν ἐθνῶν κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον Οὕτως ἔσται τὸ σπέρμα σου·
Paul said that hoping against hope (ὃς παρ’ ἐλπίδα ἐπ’ ἐλπίδι), Abraham believed (ἐπίστευσεν) that he would become (εἰς τὸ γενέσθαι) the father of many nations (αὐτὸν πατέρα πολλῶν ἐθνῶν). According to what was said (κατὰ τὸ εἰρημένον), “So numerous shall your descendants be (Οὕτως ἔσται τὸ σπέρμα σου).” Paul used Genesis, chapter 15:5, to back up his argument. Yahweh had told Abraham to look toward heaven, and count the stars, if he was able to count them. Then he said to him, “So shall your descendants be.” Abraham believed Yahweh, so that he reckoned him as righteousness. This was the calling of Abram. Yahweh appeared in a vision to him and told him not to be afraid because Yahweh would be his shield. Abraham said that he was sterile and the inheritor of his estate was to be his household slave, Eliezer of Damascus. Yahweh said that Abraham would have his own heir and that his descendants would be like the stars in the heaven. Thus, Abraham believed that hoping against hope, he would become the father of many nations. Paul knew the story of Abraham very well. Do you know the biblical story about Abraham?