Blessings for the circumcised and uncircumcised (Rom 4:9)

“Is this blessing

Pronounced only

On the circumcised,

Or also on the uncircumcised?

We say.

‘Faith was reckoned

To Abraham

As righteousness.”

ὁ μακαρισμὸς οὖν οὗτος ἐπὶ τὴν περιτομὴν ἢ καὶ ἐπὶ τὴν ἀκροβυστίαν; λέγομεν γάρ Ἐλογίσθη τῷ Ἀβραὰμ ἡ πίστις εἰς δικαιοσύνην.

In his usual manner, Paul then asked a question and then answered it himself.  “Is this blessing (ὁ μακαρισμὸς οὖν οὗτος) pronounced only on the circumcised (ἐπὶ τὴν περιτομὴν), or also on the uncircumcised (ἢ καὶ ἐπὶ τὴν ἀκροβυστίαν)?  His response (λέγομεν γάρ) was that faith (ἡ πίστις) was reckoned or credited (Ἐλογίσθη) to Abraham (τῷ Ἀβραὰμ) as righteousness (εἰς δικαιοσύνην).  There was no doubt about that.  Without explicitly answering this question, Paul reiterated that Abraham was considered righteous because of this faith, not his deeds or actions.  He had faith before he was circumcised and faith after he was circumcised.  How is faith related to circumcision?

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