The promise was made to the twelve tribes (Acts 26:7)

“This promise

Was made

That our twelve tribes

Hoped to attain.

They earnestly worshiped


And night.

Your Excellency!

It is for this hope

That I am accused

By the Jews.”

εἰς ἣν τὸ δωδεκάφυλον ἡμῶν ἐν ἐκτενείᾳ νύκτα καὶ ἡμέραν λατρεῦον ἐλπίζει καταντῆσαι· περὶ ἧς ἐλπίδος ἐγκαλοῦμαι ὑπὸ Ἰουδαίων, βασιλεῦ.

The author of Acts indicated Paul addressed King Agrippa (βασιλεῦ) and said that this promise was made to their twelve tribes (εἰς ἣν τὸ δωδεκάφυλον ἡμῶν) that they hoped to attain (ἐλπίζει καταντῆσαι).  They earnestly (ἐν ἐκτενείᾳ) worshiped (λατρεῦον) day and night (νύκτα καὶ ἡμέραν).  It is for this hope (περὶ ἧς ἐλπίδος) that he, Paul, was being accused (ἐγκαλοῦμαι) by the Jews (ὑπὸ Ἰουδαίων).  Acts was the only Greek biblical writing that used this word ἐκτενείᾳ, that’s means zeal, intentness, earnestness, or strenuousness., intentness, zeal.  Paul addressed King Agrippa II directly.  He explained that their common twelve tribes had prayed earnestly day and night to obtain this hope.  However, it was precisely about this hope that the Jerusalem Jews had accused Paul of being involved with.  The twelve tribes included descendants of them in Judea as well as the many in the diaspora.  They all wanted the restoration of their country.  However, some even wanted the resurrection of the dead.  There were some holy widows who prayed day and night in the Temple.  Paul claimed that he was being persecuted because he wanted the fulfillment of the prayers of the original twelve tribes of Israel.  Have you ever been accused of being too faithful to your ancestors?

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