The resurrection, angels, and spirits (Acts 23:8)

“The Sadducees say

That there is no resurrection,

Nor angels,

Nor spirit.

The Pharisees

Acknowledge all of them.”

Σαδδουκαῖοι γὰρ λέγουσιν μὴ εἶναι ἀνάστασιν μήτε ἄγγελον μήτε πνεῦμα, Φαρισαῖοι δὲ ὁμολογοῦσιν τὰ ἀμφότερα.

The author of Acts indicated that the Sadducees say (Σαδδουκαῖοι γὰρ λέγουσιν) that there is no resurrection (μὴ εἶναι ἀνάστασιν), nor angels (μήτε ἄγγελον), nor spirit (μήτε πνεῦμα).  The Pharisees (Φαρισαῖοι δὲ) acknowledged or professed (ὁμολογοῦσιν) all of them (τὰ ἀμφότερα).  There was a clear distinction between the Pharisees and the Sadducees about the bodily resurrection.  The Pharisees also favored angels and spirits more than the Sadducees.  Thus, there was a real distinction between the two Jewish groups.  Were you aware that Pharisees believed in angels and spirits?

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