“But the unbelieving Jews
Against the believing brothers.”
οἱ δὲ ἀπειθήσαντες Ἰουδαῖοι ἐπήγειραν καὶ ἐκάκωσαν τὰς ψυχὰς τῶν ἐθνῶν κατὰ τῶν ἀδελφῶν.
The author of Acts indicated that the unbelieving Jews (οἱ δὲ ἀπειθήσαντες Ἰουδαῖοι) stirred up (ἐπήγειραν) the gentiles. Acts was the only Greek biblical writing that used this word ἐπήγειραν, that means to rouse up, excite, or arouse, the same word that was used in chapter 13:50 where the Jews in Antioch of Pisidia did the same thing. They also poisoned (καὶ ἐκάκωσαν) the minds or the souls (τὰς ψυχὰς) of the gentiles (τῶν ἐθνῶν) against the believing brothers (κατὰ τῶν ἀδελφῶν), these early Christian missionaries. The same pattern developed here in Iconium as in Antioch of Pisidia. Some of the unbelieving Jews aroused and poisoned the minds of the gentiles there against the early Christian brothers, Paul, Barnabas, and their companions. After a great start in both places, there was negative reaction to these missionaries, Paul and Barnabas. There seems to be a pattern developing here. Have you ever had something start well and then turn a little sour?