“Before his coming,
John had already proclaimed
A baptism of repentance
To all the people of Israel.”
προκηρύξαντος Ἰωάνου πρὸ προσώπου τῆς εἰσόδου αὐτοῦ βάπτισμα μετανοίας παντὶ τῷ λαῷ Ἰσραήλ.
The author of Acts indicated that Paul said that before the coming or the entrance of the face of the savior (πρὸ προσώπου τῆς εἰσόδου αὐτοῦ), John (Ἰωάνου) had already proclaimed (προκηρύξαντος) a baptism (βάπτισμα) of repentance or metanoia (μετανοίας) to all the people (παντὶ τῷ λαῷ) of Israel (Ἰσραήλ). Acts was the only Greek biblical writing that used this word προκηρύξαντος, that means to proclaim, announce by herald, or preach beforehand. Paul indicated to this Jewish synagogue group the value of John the Baptist, so that they must have known something about him. Paul clearly said that John was proclaiming a baptism of repentance or metanoia for everyone in Israel. They had to turn around or change their lifestyle. The story of Jesus could not be told without mentioning King David and John the Baptist. Luke had mentioned John in chapter 3:3, just like the other three gospel stories. However, Luke was actually closer to Mark, chapter 1:4, since he used the exact same words about John’s preaching. He indicated that John was proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (κηρύσσων βάπτισμα μετανοίας εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν). Matthew, chapter 3:2, said that the preaching message of John was very simple. They should repent, turn their lives around, with a profound metanoia, a change of their spirit. The equivalent about repentance, metanoia, or the change of heart can also be found in both Mark and Luke. John, chapter l:19-29, had a long dialogue with John and the priests and Levites about what he was doing. How and what John did before or after this preaching in the wilderness did not matter. He was there proclaiming a baptism of repentance, a life change, or a metanoia, to have sins or faults forgiven or wiped away. Paul could not tell the story of Jesus without mentioning John the Baptist. How do you think that John the Baptist is connected to Jesus?