Why did the gentiles rage? (Acts 4:25)

“It is you,

Our Father,

Who said

By the Holy Spirit

Through David,

Your servant.

‘Why did the gentiles rage?

Why did the people imagine

Vain things?’”

ὁ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν διὰ Πνεύματος Ἁγίου στόματος Δαυεὶδ παιδός σου εἰπών Ἵνα τί ἐφρύαξαν ἔθνη καὶ λαοὶ ἐμελέτησαν κενά;

The author of Acts indicated that these early Christian followers prayed a community prayer, citing Psalm 2.  They said that their father (ὁ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν), by the Holy Spirit (διὰ Πνεύματος Ἁγίου), through the mouth of David (στόματος Δαυεὶδ), God’s servant (παιδός σου), had asked (εἰπών).  “Why did the gentiles rage (Ἵνα τί ἐφρύαξαν ἔθνη)?  Acts is the only Greek biblical writing that used this word ἐφρύαξαν, that means to neigh, whinny, to be wanton, be insolent, roar, or rage.  “Why did the people imagine vain things (καὶ λαοὶ ἐμελέτησαν κενά)?”  Psalm 2 was about the universal kingdom of Yahweh and his anointed one who would rule the world.  The early Christians picked up on the anointed one as the messianic king of Israel, which of course they saw as Jesus, the anointed one, the Christ.  This Psalm 2:1 was cited here as a psalm of David.  This work about Yahweh and his anointed king was considered a royal psalm, written during the time of the captivity in the 6th century BCE about an ideal anointed king to come, not a current king.  Do you believe that Jesus is the anointed king of the Jewish expectations, the messianic God?


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