The boldness of Peter (Acts 4:13)

“They saw

The boldness

Of Peter

And John.

They realized

That they were uneducated,

Ordinary men.


They were amazed.

They recognized them

As companions of Jesus.”

Θεωροῦντες δὲ τὴν τοῦ Πέτρου παρρησίαν καὶ Ἰωάνου, καὶ καταλαβόμενοι ὅτι ἄνθρωποι ἀγράμματοί εἰσιν καὶ ἰδιῶται, ἐθαύμαζον, ἐπεγίνωσκόν τε αὐτοὺς ὅτι σὺν τῷ Ἰησοῦ ἦσαν,

The author of Acts indicated that these high priests saw (Θεωροῦντες) the boldness (παρρησίαν) of Peter (δὲ τὴν τοῦ Πέτρου) and John (καὶ Ἰωάνου), they realized (καὶ καταλαβόμενοι) that they were uneducated (ὅτι ἄνθρωποι ἀγράμματοί εἰσιν), ordinary men (καὶ ἰδιῶται).  They were amazed (ἐθαύμαζον).  They recognized them (ἐπεγίνωσκόν τε) as the companions of Jesus (ὅτι σὺν τῷ Ἰησοῦ ἦσαν).  Acts is the only Greek biblical writing that used this word ἀγράμματοί, that means without learning, unlettered, unlettered, illiterate, uneducated, unacquainted with Rabbinic teaching.  These religious leaders were taken back by the boldness of Peter and John, who were not educated in the Jewish and Hebrew religious tradition, since they lacked Rabbinical training.  They soon realized that these two men had been traveling companions with Jesus.  Do you consider yourself educated?

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