The high priest,
They were all
Of the high-priestly family.”
καὶ Ἄννας ὁ ἀρχιερεὺς καὶ Καϊάφας καὶ Ἰωάνης καὶ Ἀλέξανδρος καὶ ὅσοι ἦσαν ἐκ γένους ἀρχιερατικοῦ,
The author of Acts indicated that there were Annas (καὶ Ἄννας), the high priest (ὁ ἀρχιερεὺς), Caiaphas (καὶ Καϊάφας), John (καὶ Ἰωάνης), and Alexander (καὶ Ἀλέξανδρος). They were all of the high-priestly family (ὅσοι ἦσαν ἐκ γένους ἀρχιερατικοῦ). Who were these high priests? The high priests were the ruling religious leaders in Jerusalem. Caiaphas was the ruling high priest from 18-37 CE, while Annas was his father-in-law who had been the high priest from 6-15 CE. John may have been Jonathan, the son of Annas, and high priest in 37 and 44 CE for a short period of time. Alexander was a mystery figure. Two other sons of Annas succeeded to the high priest position in Jerusalem, Theophilus from 37 to 41 CE, and Ananus who died in 68 CE. Thus, the high priest position was a family affair. Do you think that religious leaders should all come from the same family?