The coming of the Messiah (Acts 3:20)


The times of refreshment

May come

From the presence

Of the Lord.

He may send

The Christ Messiah,


Who was appointed

For you.”

ὅπως ἂν ἔλθωσιν καιροὶ ἀναψύξεως ἀπὸ προσώπου τοῦ Κυρίου καὶ ἀποστείλῃ τὸν προκεχειρισμένον ὑμῖν Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν,

The author of Acts indicated that Peter said that the times (καιροὶ) of refreshment (ἀναψύξεως) may come (ὅπως ἂν ἔλθωσιν) from the presence (ἀπὸ προσώπου) of the Lord (τοῦ Κυρίου). He may send (καὶ ἀποστείλῃ) Jesus Christ (Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν), the Messiah, who was appointed (τὸν προκεχειρισμένον) for them (ὑμῖν).  Acts is the only Greek biblical writing that used this word ἀναψύξεως, that means a recovery of breath, a refreshing, or a refreshment, as well as the word προκεχειρισμένον, that means to put into the hand, to take into one’s hand, to determine, appoint, choose, or elect.  There would be plenty of opportunities for refreshing repentance or renewal.  Was the presence of the Lord an allusion to the sacramental presence of Jesus in Eucharistic communion?

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