Jesus revealed himself again (Jn 21:1-21:1)

“After these things,

Jesus again

Revealed himself

To the disciples

By the Sea of Tiberias.

He revealed himself

In this way.”

Μετὰ ταῦτα ἐφανέρωσεν ἑαυτὸν πάλιν Ἰησοῦς τοῖς μαθηταῖς ἐπὶ τῆς θαλάσσης τῆς Τιβεριάδος· ἐφανέρωσεν δὲ οὕτως.

John uniquely indicated that after these things (Μετὰ ταῦτα) that had happened in Jerusalem, Jesus (Ἰησοῦς) revealed himself (ἐφανέρωσεν ἑαυτὸν) again (πάλιν) to the disciples (τοῖς μαθηταῖς) by the Sea of Tiberias (θαλάσσης τῆς Τιβεριάδος).  John then said that this is the way or how (δὲ οὕτως) he revealed himself (ἐφανέρωσεν).  The Sea of Tiberias was the Sea of Galilee.  There was no time frame for this, although it was at least more than a week or two after the resurrection of Jesus, since the disciples had been in Jerusalem then.  It is not clear what made them move up to Galilee, unless all the commotion about Jesus’ death and resurrection had died down.  Based on the content and the literary style, this chapter, this appendix, or this epilogue has been viewed as an addition, since John just concluded his work in the preceding verse.  It might be a different author or a disciple of John, but there was no manuscript evidence that it was not part of the original gospel, so that it is called the last chapter, chapter 21.

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