One of the twelve,
Called the Twin,
Was not with them
When Jesus came.”
Θωμᾶς δὲ εἷς ἐκ τῶν δώδεκα, ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος, οὐκ ἦν μετ’ αὐτῶν ὅτε ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς.
John uniquely indicated that Thomas (Θωμᾶς), one of the twelve (δὲ εἷς ἐκ τῶν δώδεκα), called the Twin (ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος), was not with them (οὐκ ἦν μετ’ αὐτῶν) when Jesus came (ὅτε ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς) at this appearance on the first day of the week, after the death of Jesus. Thomas had appeared twice earlier in this gospel with the same description. In chapter 11:16, Thomas (Θωμᾶς), the one who was called Didymus or the Twin (ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος), now said (εἶπεν οὖν) to his fellow disciples (τοῖς συνμαθηταῖς) that they should all go (Ἄγωμεν καὶ ἡμεῖς) to die (ἵνα ἀποθάνωμεν) with Jesus (μετ’ αὐτοῦ). He appeared again in chapter 14:5, where Thomas (Θωμᾶς) spoke to Jesus (Λέγει αὐτῷ), calling him Lord (Κύριε). He said that they did not know (οὐκ οἴδαμεν) where he was going (ποῦ ὑπάγεις). How then could they know the way or path (πῶς οἴδαμεν τὴν ὁδὸν) there. He said that he had no idea where Jesus was going, so how could they find their way there if they were not sure where he was going to end up. Thomas seemed very forthright. Although he was explicitly mentioned in the three synoptic lists of the twelve apostles in Matthew, chapter 10:3, Mark, chapter 3:18, and Luke, chapter 6:15, he never said anything in those synoptic gospel stories. However, he had three speaking roles here, as he played a bigger role in this Gospel of John. A series of apocryphal works from the second and third century CE bare his name, the Gospel of Thomas, the Acts of Thomas, and the Infancy Gospel of Thomas. He was considered the apostle to India, where he died around 70 CE. Do you consider yourself a doubting Thomas?