The sour wine,
‘It is finished.’
He bowed his head.
He gave up
ὅτε οὖν ἔλαβεν τὸ ὄξος ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν Τετέλεσται, καὶ κλίνας τὴν κεφαλὴν παρέδωκεν τὸ πνεῦμα.
John indicated that when Jesus (ὁ Ἰησοῦς) had received (ὅτε οὖν ἔλαβεν) the sour wine (τὸ ὄξος), he said (εἶπεν) that it was finished (Τετέλεσται). He bowed his head (καὶ κλίνας τὴν κεφαλὴν). He gave up his Spirit (παρέδωκεν τὸ πνεῦμα). Matthew, chapter 27:50, had the simple comment that Jesus cried out with a loud voice again (ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς πάλιν κράξας φωνῇ μεγάλῃ). Jesus then gave up his Spirit (ἀφῆκεν τὸ πνεῦμα), as he breathed his last breath. Mark, chapter 15:37, said that Jesus cried out with a loud voice (ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἀφεὶς φωνὴν μεγάλην). Then Jesus breathed his last breath (ἐξέπνευσεν). However, there no mention of giving up his Spirit as in Matthew, Luke, and John. Luke chapter 23:46, indicated that Jesus cried out with a loud voice (καὶ φωνήσας φωνῇ μεγάλῃ). He said to his Father (εἶπεν Πάτερ) that he was giving over (παρατίθεμαι) his Spirit (τὸ πνεῦμά μου) into his hands (εἰς χεῖράς σου). Jesus seemed to cite Psalm 31:5, where David had committed his heart to the hand of Yahweh. Now Jesus was committing his spirit into the hands of his Father. After he said this (τοῦτο δὲ εἰπὼν), he breathed his last breath (ἐξέπνευσεν). In all four canonical gospel writers, Jesus died on the cross. Have you ever been with a dying person?