How Jesus was to die (Jn 18:32-18:32)

“This was to fulfil

What Jesus had said

When he signified

The kind of death

He was about to die.”

ἵνα ὁ λόγος τοῦ Ἰησοῦ πληρωθῇ ὃν εἶπεν σημαίνων ποίῳ θανάτῳ ἤμελλεν ἀποθνήσκειν.

John uniquely indicated that that this crucifixion was to fulfil (πληρωθῇ) what Jesus had said (ἵνα ὁ λόγος τοῦ Ἰησοῦ) when he signified (ὃν εἶπεν σημαίνων) the kind of death (ποίῳ θανάτῳ) that he was about to die (ἤμελλεν ἀποθνήσκειν).  Only John, among the canonical gospel writers, used this word σημαίνων, that means to give a sign, signify, indicate, or make known.  Once again, there is a reliance on the concept of signs or signifying rather than the word miracles.  This was a reference to what Jesus had said earlier about being lifted up in chapter 3:14.  There was a comparison with Moses (καὶ καθὼς Μωϋσῆς), who had lifted up the serpent (ὕψωσεν τὸν ὄφιν) in the desert (ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ), to the Son of Man (τὸν Υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου), who must be lifted up also (οὕτως ὑψωθῆναι δεῖ).  John had Jesus predict his death on the cross and his own ascension into heaven.  The Son of Man, Jesus, would be lifted up on a cross.  In chapter 12:32, Jesus said that when he (κἀγὼ) was lifted up (ἐὰν ὑψωθῶ) from the earth (ἐκ τῆς γῆς), he would draw (ἑλκύσω) all people (πάντας) to him (πρὸς ἐμαυτόν).  Obviously, this is a reference to the future crucifixion of Jesus.  By being raised up on the cross, he would bring salvation to the whole world.  The gospel would be spread to the whole world.  Now the hour or the time for Jesus to be lifted up was coming.  Did Jesus have to die on the cross?

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