They led Jesus to the high priest (Jn 18:13-8:13)


They first took him

To Annas,

Who was the father-in-law

Of Caiaphas,

The high priest

That same year.”

καὶ ἤγαγον πρὸς Ἅνναν πρῶτον· ἦν γὰρ πενθερὸς τοῦ Καϊάφα, ὃς ἦν ἀρχιερεὺς τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου·

John indicated that this group took Jesus (καὶ ἤγαγον) to Annas first (πρὸς Ἅνναν πρῶτον), who was the Father-in-law (ἦν γὰρ πενθερὸς) of Caiaphas (τοῦ Καϊάφα,), the high priest that same year (ὃς ἦν ἀρχιερεὺς τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἐκείνου).  John was the only Greek canonical gospel writer who used the term, πενθερὸς, that means father-in-law.  Annas had been the high priest from 6-15 CE, before he was removed by the Romans at the age of 36.  However, he lived to the age of 61, so that he had a lot of influence on things.  Caiaphas was the actual high priest from 18-36 CE, since he had married the daughter of Annas.  Naturally, he would have been the high priest that year.  Matthew chapter 26:57 said that those who had seized, arrested, or captured Jesus (Οἱ δὲ κρατήσαντες τὸν Ἰησοῦν) took him to the house of Caiaphas, the high priest (ἀπήγαγον πρὸς Καϊάφαν τὸν ἀρχιερέα).  Apparently, the Scribes and the elder presbyters had gathered or assembled there (ὅπου οἱ γραμματεῖς καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι συνήχθησα).  Was this an official meeting of the Jerusalem Sanhedrin?  Probably not, because these official meetings could not be held during the festival days or during the Passover.  On the other hand, some kind of informal meeting was possible.  However, there was no mention of the Pharisees and the Sadducees being there either.  Mark chapter 14:53,simply said that they took Jesus to the high priest (Καὶ ἀπήγαγον τὸν Ἰησοῦν πρὸς τὸν ἀρχιερέα), without mentioning his name or saying it was his house.  Apparently, the chief priests (οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς), the elder presbyters (καὶ οἱ πρεσβύτεροι), and the Scribes (καὶ οἱ γραμματεῖς) had all gathered or assembled there (καὶ συνέρχονται πάντες).  Luke, chapter 22:54, said that they then led Jesus away (δὲ αὐτὸν ἤγαγον).  They brought him (καὶ εἰσήγαγον) into the high priest’s house (εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν τοῦ ἀρχιερέως).  Luke was vague about who this high priest was and who the “they” were.  Luke and Mark simply said that it was the house of the high priest, while John and Matthew indicated it either was Annas or Caiaphas.  Have you ever been to an unofficial meeting?

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