The other Judas (Jn 14:22-14:22)

“Judas,

Not Iscariot,

Said to Jesus.

‘Lord!

How is it

That you will reveal

Yourself

To us,

And not to the world?’”

Λέγει αὐτῷ Ἰούδας, οὐχ ὁ Ἰσκαριώτης Κύριε, καὶ τί γέγονεν ὅτι ἡμῖν μέλλεις ἐμφανίζειν σεαυτὸν καὶ οὐχὶ τῷ κόσμῳ;

John uniquely indicated that that Judas (Ἰούδας), not Iscariot (οὐχ ὁ Ἰσκαριώτης), spoke to Jesus (Λέγει αὐτῷ), calling him “Lord (Κύριε).”  Why was this happening (καὶ τί γέγονεν) that Jesus was about to reveal or manifest himself to them (ὅτι ἡμῖν μέλλεις ἐμφανίζειν σεαυτὸν), but not to the world (καὶ οὐχὶ τῷ κόσμῳ)?  This Judas, who certainly was not Iscariot, had a simple question.  Why was Jesus revealing himself to them, but not to the world at large?  Who is this Judas?  Probably, this Judas was the son of James, one of the twelve apostles, as listed in Luke, chapter 6:16, or the apostle Thaddaeus that was mentioned in Matthew, chapter 10:4.  Luke said that the last two apostles were both called Judas (καὶ Ἰούδαν), the son of James (Ἰακώβου), and Judas Iscariot (καὶ Ἰούδαν Ἰσκαριὼθ), who became a traitor (ὃς ἐγένετο προδότης).  One of these names is similar to Mark and Matthew, that is Judas Iscariot, who was on all 3 lists of the twelve apostles, with some unfavorable comment about him as a traitor.  As far the other Judas was concerned, there is some confusion, since he does not appear in the list of the twelve apostles in Matthew, chapter 10:4, and Mark, chapter 3:19, who only list a man named Thaddeus, who was not on the list of twelve in Luke.  Luke and the Acts listed him as Jude or Judas, the son of James, not Thaddeus.  Are these two-different people or just two different names for the same person?  Is this Judas Thaddeus like Simon Peter and Levi Matthew?  Did he have both a Jewish and a Greek name?  He had this speaking role in John, but not in the synoptics.  Do you know two different people with the same first name?

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