Hosanna! (Jn 12:13-12:13)

“They were shouting.

‘Hosanna!

Blessed is the one

Who comes

In the name of the Lord!

The King of Israel!’”

καὶ ἐκραύγαζον Ὡσαννά, εὐλογημένος ὁ ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου, καὶ ὁ Βασιλεὺς τοῦ Ἰσραήλ.

Then John indicated that this crowd was crying out or shouting (καὶ ἐκραύγαζον).  “Hosanna (Ὡσαννά,)!  Blessed (εὐλογημένος) is the one who comes (ὁ ἐρχόμενος) in the name of the Lord (ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου)!  The King of Israel (ὁ Βασιλεὺς τοῦ Ἰσραήλ)!”  John had the people say that blessed was the king who comes in the name of the Lord, indicating that Jesus would be the new king of Israel.  Luke, chapter 19:38, had something similar as he indicated that the crowds said (λέγοντες) that blessed was the coming king (ὁ ἐρχόμενος, ὁ Βασιλεὺς) in the name of the Lord (ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου·).  Peace in heaven (ἐν οὐρανῷ εἰρήνη)!  Glory in the highest heaven (ν οὐρανῷ εἰρήνη)!  This was high praise for Jesus.  He was the king coming in the name of the Lord, so that there would be peace in heaven and glory in the highest heaven.  Matthew, chapter 21:9, and Mark, were similar, while Luke was closer to John, but with slight differences.  Mark, chapter 11:9-10, said that they were all shouting out “Hosanna” (Ὡσαννὰ)!”  Jesus was the blessed one who came in the name of the Lord (Εὐλογημένος ὁ ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου).  They were shouting blessed is the coming kingdom (Εὐλογημένη ἡ ἐρχομένη βασιλεία) of our ancestor or father David (οῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν Δαυείδ).  They did not actually call Jesus the son of David.  These hosannas should reach to the highest heaven (Ὡσαννὰ ἐν τοῖς ὑψίστοις).  Matthew, chapter 21:9, indicated that they were all shouting out (ἔκραζον λέγοντες) Hosanna to the Son of David (Ὡσαννὰ τῷ υἱῷ Δαυείδ), very explicitly.  He was the blessed one who came in the name of the Lord (Εὐλογημένος ὁ ἐρχόμενος ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου).  These hosannas should reach to the highest heaven (Ὡσαννὰ ἐν τοῖς ὑψίστοις).  Hosanna was a Hebrew term of praise asking God to save them.  This saying came from the Hallel chants that was used in the Passover celebration, based on Psalm 118:26.  Later this became part of the Roman Catholic “Sanctus” chant in the Eucharistic celebration.  This event has become the great Palm Sunday celebration, the triumphant entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem.  There was a clear connection with David and the Israelite kingdom with a strong messianic expectation.  Was it political, religious, or cultural?  Do you sometimes mix up your political, religious, or cultural beliefs?

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