Ate the manna
In the wilderness.
Yet they died.”
οἱ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἔφαγον ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τὸ μάννα καὶ ἀπέθανον·
John uniquely indicated that Jesus took up this theme of their ancestors eating manna in the desert, as earlier in this presentation on the bread of life. Jesus said that their ancestors or fathers (οἱ πατέρες ὑμῶν) ate (ἔφαγον) the manna (τὸ μάννα) in the wilderness (ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ), but they died (καὶ ἀπέθανον). John indicated earlier in verses 31-32 that these people from the crowd said that their ancestors or fathers (οἱ πατέρες ἡμῶν) ate the manna (τὸ μάννα ἔφαγον) in the wilderness (ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ). They cited a passage from Exodus, chapter 16:4, where it was written (καθώς ἐστιν γεγραμμένον) that God gave them (ἔδωκεν αὐτοῖς) bread from heaven (Ἄρτον ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ) to eat (φαγεῖν). They emphasized that at the time of Moses, God provided food from heaven, the daily manna. Jesus (ὁ Ἰησοῦς) told them (εἶπεν οὖν αὐτοῖς) with a solemn pronouncement (Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν) that it was not Moses (οὐ Μωϋσῆς) who gave them (δέδωκεν ὑμῖν) and their ancestors the bread (τὸν ἄρτον) from heaven (ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ). But it was the Father (ἀλλ’ ὁ Πατήρ) of Jesus who gave and gives (δίδωσιν ὑμῖν) the true (τὸν ἀληθινόν) bread from heaven (τὸν ἄρτον ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ). Thus, the idea of manna in the desert was clearly different from the living bread of Jesus, because their Israelite ancestors died. On the other hand, the living bread of Jesus would bring eternal life without death. Do you expect to have an eternal life with Jesus?