‘Is not this Jesus,
The son of Joseph,
How can he
‘I have come down
καὶ ἔλεγον Οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν Ἰησοῦς ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωσήφ, οὗ ἡμεῖς οἴδαμεν τὸν πατέρα καὶ τὴν μητέρα; πῶς νῦν λέγει ὅτι Ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβέβηκα;
John uniquely indicated that these Jewish representatives of the crowd questioned (καὶ ἔλεγον) the background of Jesus. Was this not Jesus (Οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν Ἰησοῦς) the son of Joseph (ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωσήφ)? They knew (οὗ ἡμεῖς οἴδαμεν) his father (τὸν πατέρα) and his mother (καὶ τὴν μητέρα). How then could he say (πῶς νῦν λέγει) that he came down from heaven (ὅτι Ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβέβηκα). They knew his parents and wondered why he said that he came down from heaven. There was something similar in Luke, chapter 4:22. However, there they were just surprised. Luke said that all the people in the synagogue spoke well or testified in favor of Jesus (καὶ πάντες ἐμαρτύρουν αὐτῷ). They were amazed at the gracious words (καὶ ἐθαύμαζον ἐπὶ τοῖς λόγοις τῆς χάριτος) that came from his mouth (τοῖς ἐκπορευομένοις ἐκ τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ). At first, they were excited about how good Jesus was. Then they said (καὶ ἔλεγον) was he not Joseph’s son (Οὐχὶ υἱός ἐστιν Ἰωσὴφ οὗτος)? Thus, they were astonished. They wondered where did he get all his wisdom? They seemed surprised that Jesus was so smart or so important. They would have known him for some time as merely the son of Joseph in Nazareth. Thus, Jesus was clearly known in the area of Galilee as the son of Joseph, not as a gift from heaven. How is Jesus truly human and truly divine?