Jews do not share with Samaritans (Jn 4:9-4:9)

“The Samaritan woman

Said to Jesus.

‘How is it that you,

A Jew,

Ask a drink of me,

A woman of Samaria?

Jews do not share things

In common

With Samaritans.’”

λέγει οὖν αὐτῷ ἡ γυνὴ ἡ Σαμαρεῖτις Πῶς σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὢν παρ’ ἐμοῦ πεῖν αἰτεῖς γυναικὸς Σαμαρείτιδος οὔσης; οὐ γὰρ συνχρῶνται Ἰουδαῖοι Σαμαρείταις.

John uniquely indicated that this unnamed Samaritan woman (ἡ γυνὴ ἡ Σαμαρεῖτις) asked Jesus (λέγει οὖν αὐτῷ) why was he, a Jew (Πῶς σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὢν), asking for a drink (πεῖν αἰτεῖς) from her (παρ’ ἐμοῦ), a Samaritan woman (γυναικὸς Σαμαρείτιδος οὔσης).  Normally the Jews (Ἰουδαῖοι) did not share things (οὐ γὰρ συνχρῶνται) with Samaritans (Σαμαρείταις).  Jesus seemed to have overstepped Jewish tradition by conversing with a woman in public and sharing a drink with her, since Rabbis did not speak with women in public.  This Samaritan and the Jewish dispute had lasted for almost 1,000 years before this time.  After the death of King Solomon, the Jews of the north formed the Kingdom of Israel under King Jeroboam, while the Jews of the south formed the Kingdom of Judah under King Rehoboam.  This dislike for each other intensified with the Assyrian captivity in the eighth century BCE, when the remaining northern Jews integrated with the captors by marrying them and picking up some of their practices.  Thus, the Jews of southern Judea disliked and scorned the northern Samaritans.  Do you have a group of people that you do not like?

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