Jesus stops in Sychar in Samaria (Jn 4:5-4:5)

“Jesus

Came to a Samaritan city

Called Sychar,

Near the plot of ground

That Jacob

Had given

To his son Joseph.”

ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρίας λεγομένην Συχὰρ, πλησίον τοῦ χωρίου ὃ ἔδωκεν Ἰακὼβ Ἰωσὴφ τῷ υἱῷ αὐτοῦ

John uniquely indicated that Jesus came to this Samaritan city (ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρίας) called Sychar (λεγομένην Συχὰρ).  This was near the plot of ground (πλησίον τοῦ χωρίου) that Jacob had given (ὃ ἔδωκεν Ἰακὼβ) to his son Joseph (Ἰωσὴφ τῷ υἱῷ αὐτοῦ).  This is the only time that this name Sychar appears in the biblical literature.  Most scholars believe that that this was Shechem.  In Genesis, chapter 33:19, Jacob came to Shechem in the land of Canaan, where he bought some land, from the sons of Hamor.  This was the second purchase of land, after Abraham had purchased Sarah’s tomb.  Jacob pitched a tent here at Shechem.  He also erected an altar called El-Elohe-Israel.  Thus Shechem, about 34 miles north of Jerusalem, would become a place of worship.  In Genesis, chapter 48:22, Jacob gave this land to Joseph and his sons.  Thus, Joseph was buried there.  This Shechem became an important meeting place, as the original capital of the northern 10 tribes of Israel under King Jeroboam as recorded in 1 Kings, chapter 12:1-33.  Shechem also stood at the foot of Mount Gerizim, the mountain of worship for the Samaritans.  What do you know about the Samaritans?

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