The one from above (Jn 3:31-3:31)

“The one who comes

From above

Is above all.

He who is of the earth

Belongs to the earth.

He speaks

About earthly things.

The one who comes

From heaven

Is above all.”

Ὁ ἄνωθεν ἐρχόμενος ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν· ὁ ὢν ἐκ τῆς γῆς ἐκ τῆς γῆς ἐστιν καὶ ἐκ τῆς γῆς λαλεῖ. ὁ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν

John uniquely continued with this poetic theological presentation of John the Baptist, who contrasted earthly and heavenly things, the things from above and those here on earth.  The one who comes from above (Ὁ ἄνωθεν ἐρχόμενος) is above all (ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν).  The one who comes from the earth (ὁ ὢν ἐκ τῆς γῆς) is from the earth (ἐκ τῆς γῆς ἐστιν).  He belongs to the earth.  Thus, he speaks from the earth (καὶ ἐκ τῆς γῆς λαλεῖ) about earthly things.  The one who comes from heaven (ὁ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐρχόμενος) is above all (ἐπάνω πάντων ἐστίν).  In repetitive phraseology that used the difference between up and down, heaven and earth, John attempted to show the difference between the earthly ministry of John the Baptist and the heavenly origin of the ministry of Jesus, the ministry from above.  Do you see a difference between a heavenly ministry and an earthly ministry?

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