“The light shines
In the darkness.
Did not overcome it.”
καὶ τὸ φῶς ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ φαίνει, καὶ ἡ σκοτία αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν.
John said that the light (καὶ τὸ φῶς) shines (φαίνει) in the darkness (ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ). The life of the Word, Jesus, God, was the light that shines brightly conquering the darkness, the moral evil. This was the classical great struggle of good and evil between light that was good and darkness that was bad. The Jewish Dead Sea scrolls of the first century CE also had this struggle. Perhaps there is a connection between John and these monastic Jewish zealots. John, however, rightly points out that this darkness or evil (καὶ ἡ σκοτία) will not overcome or seize the light (αὐτὸ οὐ κατέλαβεν) of the good Word. The reverse is true. Light will always overcome darkness. Have you ever grappled with the problem of light and darkness?