“The Word was
In the beginning
Οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν Θεόν.
John clearly references and echoes the Genesis story, chapter 1:1. This Word was in the beginning (Οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ) with God (πρὸς τὸν Θεόν). John does not directly say that Jesus was the Word, but only implies it. The Word is not God, but with God, the Father, so that there is a distinction between God, the Father, and the Word, but they are both God. Within the Greek philosophical tradition, this Logos or Word was a kind of wisdom that brought order and design to the universe. Philo of Alexandria (20 BCE-50 CE), the Jewish philosopher, was an example of this syncretistic religious philosophical thought. Philo wrote that God created and governed the world through the Logos, an immaterial, eternal image or shadow of God, his firstborn son. Since creation, this Logos held things together. In the Hebrew scriptural tradition, the Word or Logos was how God communicated with humans. Linking both concepts together was the biblical wisdom literature that has the wisdom of God with God. Psalm 33:6 said that the heavens came to be with the simple word or logos of Yahweh, the creator God. All that exists, the hosts of things, were created by the breath of Yahweh. Luke, chapter 1:2, said something similar in his introduction to his gospel. He clearly indicated what his sources were. He said that these things or events were handed down to him (καθὼς παρέδοσαν ἡμῖν) by people who were with Jesus from the beginning (οἱ ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς). Who were these people? They were the eyewitnesses (αὐτόπται) who were the servants or ministers (καὶ ὑπηρέται γενόμενοι) of the word (τοῦ λόγου), the early disciples and apostles of Jesus. They were the ministers of the word, the Logos (ὁ Λόγος). Here John explains the Logos (ὁ Λόγος). What do you know about the Word?