The women make an early morning visit to the tomb of Jesus (Lk 24:1-24:1)

“But on the first day

Of the week,

At very early dawn,

The women came

To the tomb.

They took the spices

That they had prepared.”

τῇ δὲ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων ὄρθρου βαθέως ἐπὶ τὸ μνῆμα ἦλθον φέρουσαι ἃ ἡτοίμασαν ἀρώματα.

Luke said that on the first day of the week (τῇ δὲ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων), at very early dawn (ὄρθρου βαθέως), they came to the tomb (ἐπὶ τὸ μνῆμα ἦλθον).  They took with them the spices that they had prepared (φέρουσαι ἃ ἡτοίμασαν ἀρώματα).  Who are they?  From the preceding verse, they were the unnamed women of Galilee.  There is no confusion about the day of the week when the empty tomb was first found.  All 4 gospel stories, Matthew, chapter 28:1, Luke, chapter 24:1, John, chapter 20:1, and Mark, chapter 16:1-2, have this visit to the tomb take place in the early morning of the first day of the week, Sunday.  Interesting enough the same Greek word was used for the day Sabbath and the week “σαββάτων.”  Thus, this would have been the 3rd day since the death of Jesus on Friday.  John, chapter 20:1, said that it was Mary Magdalene alone who came to the tomb.  Mark, however, mentioned 3 specific women.  Mark said that when the Sabbath was over (Καὶ διαγενομένου τοῦ σαββάτου), Mary Magdalene (Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ) and the other Mary (καὶ Μαρία), the mother of James (ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου), as well as Salome (καὶ Σαλώμη) probably the mother of the sons of Zebedee, James and John, came to the tomb.  This Salome may have been a sister of half-sister of Mary, the Mother of Jesus.  These 3 named women brought spices (ἠγόρασαν ἀρώματα), so that they might go and anoint Jesus (ἵνα ἐλθοῦσαι ἀλείψωσιν αὐτόν).  Mark said that this took place very early on the first day of the week (καὶ λίαν πρωῒ τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων) when the sun had risen (ἀνατείλαντος τοῦ ἡλίου).  Matthew, chapter 28:1, said that after the sabbath (Ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων), as the first day of the week was dawning (τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς μίαν σαββάτων), Mary Magdalene (ἦλθεν Μαριὰμ ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ) and the other Mary (καὶ ἡ ἄλλη Μαρία) went to see or experience the tomb (θεωρῆσαι τὸν τάφον).  Matthew had 2 named women visit the tomb.  The idea of visiting a tomb or grave site would not have been out of the question, since this was a common practice at that time.  In all these stories, there was either one or more women, no men, who came to the tomb.  Only Luke did not mention Mary Magdalene by name, while the others did.  Would you get up early in the morning to visit a gravesite tomb?

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