Offer vinegar (Lk 23:36-23:36)

“The soldiers

Also mocked Jesus.

They came up to him.

They offering him

Sour wine.”

ἐνέπαιξαν δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται προσερχόμενοι, ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ

Luke said that the soldiers (καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται) also mocked Jesus (ἐνέπαιξαν δὲ αὐτῷ).  They came near to Jesus (προσερχόμενοι,) and offered him some sour wine (ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ).  In John, chapter 19:28-29, Jesus said that he was thirsty, before they gave him this sour wine that was standing nearby.  Mark, chapter 15:36, said that someone ran to get a sponge (δραμὼν δέ τις).  He filled this sponge with sour wine or vinegar (καὶ γεμίσας σπόγγον ὄξους), a common Roman solder drink.  Then he put it on a stick or reed (περιθεὶς καλάμῳ) to give Jesus something to drink (ἐπότιζεν αὐτόν).  Matthew, chapter 27:48, said that soon one of the bystanders ran to get a sponge (καὶ εὐθέως δραμὼν εἷς ἐξ αὐτῶν καὶ λαβὼν σπόγγον).  He filled it with sour wine or vinegar (πλήσας τε ὄξους).  Then he put it on a stick or reed (καὶ περιθεὶς καλάμῳ) to give Jesus something to drink (ἐπότιζεν αὐτόν).  This sour wine or vinegar might have been a reference to Psalm 69:21, where the psalmist complained that they gave him vinegar to drink.  This common Roman soldier drink of sour wine or vinegar mixed with water might also have been an anesthetic to ease the pain.  Thus, this action might have been an act of compassion for Jesus hanging on the cross.  In all the synoptic gospels, people offered Jesus this sour wine (ὄξους).  Do you drink wine?

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