Came to test him.
‘Is it lawful
For a man
Καὶ προσελθόντες Φαρισαῖοι ἐπηρώτων αὐτὸν εἰ ἔξεστιν ἀνδρὶ γυναῖκα ἀπολῦσαι, πειράζοντες αὐτόν
This questioning of the Pharisees about divorce can also be found in Matthew, chapter 19:3, with some minor changes. Once again, some Pharisees approached Jesus (Καὶ προσελθόντες Φαρισαῖοι). They wanted to interrogate, test, or question him (ἐπηρώτων αὐτὸν). The Pharisees were a political party, a social movement, and a religious school of thought that followed the Law of Moses, but with a number of oral traditions. They had they own expert explanations of Jewish law that sometimes appeared to be hypocritical or arrogant, with a form of Judaism that extended beyond the Temple. They were testing or tempting Jesus (πειράζοντες αὐτόν). They wanted to know if it was lawful for a man to divorce his wife (εἰ ἔξεστιν ἀνδρὶ γυναῖκα ἀπολῦσαι), since this was a disputed question among many Jewish rabbis.