“You have heard
That it was said.
‘An eye for an eye.
A tooth for a tooth.’”
Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη Ὀφθαλμὸν ἀντὶ ὀφθαλμοῦ καὶ ὀδόντα ἀντὶ ὀδόντος.
Once again, Matthew has Jesus cite Exodus, chapter 21:23. They all had heard this old saying about revenge talked about (Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη). An eye for an eye (Ὀφθαλμὸν ἀντὶ ὀφθαλμοῦ) and a tooth for a tooth (καὶ ὀδόντα ἀντὶ ὀδόντος.), plain and simple. This Exodus citation started out by talking about what to do if you hit a pregnant woman that caused her to have a miscarriage. Then you would have to pay the fine that the woman’s husband demanded, as approved by a judge. If any harm followed, you ended up with the famous revenge concept of a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot, a burn for a burn, a wound for a wound, a stripe for a stripe. This revenge concept was clear, even though it was a limited revenge.