With their hopes set on dead things,
Are those Who give the name ‘gods’
To the works of men’s hands.
That is gold fashioned with skill.
That is silver fashioned with skill,
In the likenesses of animals.
That is a useless stone,
The work of an ancient hand.”
Now this author is much more opposed to the works of human hands seen as gods (θεοὺς ἔργα χειρῶν ἀνθρώπων) rather than works of nature, which were not as bad. These idol worship people are miserable. They put their hopes in dead things and called them gods. These skillful art works of gold and silver were usually in the form of some kind of animal. These ancient man made stones that were considered useless.