“All people who were ignorant of God
Were foolish by nature.
They were unable
From the good things that are seen
To know the one who exists.
They did not recognize the artisan
While paying heed to his works.
They supposed that either
Or swift air,
Or the circle of the stars,
Or turbulent water,
Or the luminaries of heaven
Were the gods that rule the world.”
All these vain foolish men (πάντες ἄνθρωποι) are ignorant of God (Θεοῦ ἀγνωσία). They see the good things of this earth, but they do not recognize the creative artisan who made them. Instead they worship the very works that he has made such as fire, wind, air, stars, water, or other heavenly bodies. They claim that these are the gods that rule the world (κόσμου θεοὺς ἐνόμισαν).