“Then he led out his people like sheep.
He guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
He led them to safety.
They were not afraid.
However the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
He brought them to his holy hill.
He brought them to the mountain
That his right hand had won.
He drove out nations before them.
He apportioned them for a possession.
He settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.”
God led his people like sheep. Thus the image of the good shepherd goes back to the Exodus itself. He guided his flock of sheep through the wilderness as he led them to safety. Thus they were not afraid. After all he had led them through the waters that never touched them. He brought them to his holy hill or mountain, Mount Sinai. He drove out nations before them as they entered the holy land. The apportionment of this holy land among the Israelite tribes can be found in Joshua, chapters 14-19.