To the choirmaster leader, according to Mahalath, a Maskil of David
“Fools say in their hearts.
‘There is no God.’
They are corrupt.
They commit abominable acts.
There is no one who does good.”
Psalm 53 is another short psalm, much like Psalm 14. At times, they are almost word for word the same. This title has the choirmaster leader, a maskil or song of David, but there is an additional comment about “according to Mahalath,” which is also mentioned at the beginning of Psalm 88. Although of uncertain meaning, Mahalath was the name of a wife of Esau and Rehoboam, here it probably refers to some kind of stringed instrument like a guitar. This first verse is exactly the same as the first verse of Psalm 14. Once again the question is posed what if there is no God. The answer was simple. Only a fool would say such a thing. There was an ancient common belief in some kind of higher power. Actually they only say this in their hearts that there is no God, since they are practical atheists. They act as if there is no God. They are the corrupt people who do terrible deeds. None of them do good deeds.