Outline of the Book of Job

Outline of the Book of Job

 I. Prologue

In the land of Uz (Job 1:1-1:1)

The introduction to Job (Job 1:1-1:5)

The dialogue of Yahweh and Satan (Job 1:6-1:12)

The problems of Job (Job 1:13-1:19)

Job prays to Yahweh (Job 1:20-1:21)

Job is not a sinner (Job 1:22-1:22)

Yahweh and Satan meet again (Job 2:1-2:6)

Satan afflicts Job with skin sores (Job 2:7-2:8)

Job and his wife (Job 2:9-2:10)

The three friends of Job (Job 2:11-2:13)


II. Dialogues

 1. First cycle of discourses

Job curses the day he was born (Job 3:1-3:1)

Job curses the night he was conceived (Job 3:2-3:10)

Job would prefer the eternal rest in death (Job 3:11-3:19)

Job curses life itself (Job 3:20-3:23)

Job’s troubles give him no rest (Job 3:24-3:26)

Eliphaz speaks to Job (Job 4:1-4:6)

The innocent do not perish (Job 4:7-4:11)

The vision of Eliphaz (Job 4:12-4:21)

The troubles with being human (Job 5:1-5:7)

Eliphaz has confidence in an almighty God (Job 5:8-5:16)

Eliphaz explains who the happy man is (Job 5:17-5:27)

Job responds by complaining (Job 6:1-6:7)

Job realizes that he has no help (Job 6:8-6:13)

Job is not happy with his companions (Job 6:14-6:20)

Job says he has asked for nothing (Job 6:21-6:23)

Job wants them to explain themselves (Job 6:24-6:27)

Job challenges them to look at him (Job 6:28-6:30)

Job describes his difficult human life (Job 7:1-7:6)

Job turns to God directly in a prayer (Job 7:7-7:10)

Job bitterly complains (Job 7:11-7:21)

Bildad the Shuhite chimes in (Job 8:1-8:7)

Bildad wants Job to consider his ancestors (Job 8:8-8:10)

Water and vegetation (Job 8:11-8:19)

God never rejects the blameless person (Job 8:20-8:22)

Job responds that God is powerful (Job 9:1-9:12)

Job maintains that he is innocent (Job 9:13-9:24)

Job’s days are numbered (Job 9:25-9:35)

Job complains to God (Job 10:1-10:7)

Job recalls his creation by God (Job 10:8-10:17)

Job wants to know why he was ever born (Job 10:18-10:22)

Zophar chimes in (Job 11:1-11:6)

Mystery of God (Job 11:7-11:12)

Divine justice is correct (Job 11:13-11:20)

Job responds with sarcasm (Job 12:1-12:6)

Learn from the world around you (Job 12:7-12:10)

Where is wisdom? (Job 12:11-12:12)

The power of the wise God (Job 12:13-12:25)

Job attacks his friends (Job 13:1-13:12)

Job wants to plead his case before God (Job 13:13-13:16)

Job wants God to listen to him (Job 13:17-13:28)

Job explains the mortal human condition (Job 14:1-14:6)

Man is not a tree (Job 14:7-14:12)

Job speaks about Sheol (Job 14:13-14:17)

Job knows that death awaits him (Job 14:18-14:22)


 2. Second cycle of discourses

Job is condemned by his own language (Job 15:1-15:6)

Eliphaz ridicules Job (Job 15:7-15:16)

Eliphaz wants to explain things to Job (Job 15:17-15:19)

Eliphaz instructs Job about the wicked ones (Job 15:20-15:27)

The punishment of the wicked ones (Job 15:28-15:35)

Job responds to his accusers (Job 16:1-16:5)

Job is mad at God (Job 16:6-16:11)

Job says that God is punishing him (Job 16:12-16:17)

Job cries out to earth (Job 16:18-16:22)

Job prepares for his death (Job 17:1-17:2)

Job wants assurances from God (Job 17:3-17:5)

Job proclaims his terrible situation (Job 17:6-17:10)

Job considers death (Job 17:11-17:16)

Bildad responded to Job (Job 18:1-18:4)

Bildad describes the life of the wicked (Job 18:5-18:21)

Job responded that God has put him in this situation (Job 19:1-19:12)

The ostracism of Job (Job 19:13-19:22)

Job wants his story and words remembered (Job 19:23-19:24)

The redeemer (Job 19:25-19:27)

The judgment of the sword (Job 19:28-19:29)

Zophar responded about the wicked ones (Job 20:1-20:11)

The fate of the wicked (Job 20:12-20:19)

God punishes the wicked (Job 20:20-20:29)

Job angrily responds (Job 21:1-21:6)

Job maintains that the wicked do not get punished (Job 21:7-21:13)

The wicked see no profit in God (Job 21:14-21:16)

Do the wicked really suffer? (Job 21:17-21:26)

Job calls out his friends for lying (Job 21:27-21:34)


 3. Third cycle of discourses

Eliphaz accuses Job of wrong doing (Job 22:1-22:7)

Eliphaz claims that Job had much and did not share it (Job 22:8-22:11)

Eliphaz describes God (Job 22:12-22:20)

Eliphaz wants Job to reconcile with God (Job 22:21-22:30)

Job wants to meet God (Job 23:1-23:7)

Job cannot find God (Job 23:8-23:17)

Job thought that God was too busy for the poor (Job 24:1-24:8)

The plight of the poor (Job 24:9-24:12)

The wicked are against the light (Job 24:13-24:17)

The ways of the wicked (Job 24:18-24:21)

The fate of the wicked (Job 24:22-24:25)

Bildad praises God (Job 25:1-25:6)

The ironic response of Job (Job 26:1-26:4)

The hymn to the all powerful God (Job 26:5-26:14)

Job proclaims his innocence (Job 27:1-27:6)

A description of the wicked enemies (Job 27:7-27:12)

The fate of the wicked (Job 27:13-27:23)


4. The hymn to wisdom

An ode to miners (Job 28:1-28:12)

The hidden place of wisdom (Job 28:7-28:8)

The adventurers cannot find wisdom (Job 28:9-28:11)

Where can you find wisdom? (Job 28:12-28:19)

Where does this wisdom come from? (Job 28:20-28:22)

Only God has wisdom (Job 28:23-28:28)


 5. Conclusion of the dialogue

 Job remembers the good old days (Job 29:1-29:6)

People honored Job in the old days (Job 29:7-29:10)

The good works of Job (Job 29:11-29:17)

Job thought that he was on top of the world (Job 29:18-29:20)

Everyone listened to Job (Job 29:21-29:25)

The present distress of Job (Job 30:1-30:8)

These outcasts now look down on Job (Job 30:9-30:15)

Job turns to his own afflictions (Job 30:16-30:19)

Job’s plea to God (Job 30:20-30:23)

Job’s lament (Job 30:24-30:31)

The apologia of Job (Job 31:1-31:4)

Job maintains that he has not been fraudulent (Job 31:5-31:8)

Job maintains that he has not committed adultery (Job 31:9-31:12)

Job never mistreated his slaves (Job 31:13-31:15)

Job was kind to the needy (Job 31:16-31:23)

Job was not greedy (Job 31:24-31:25)

Job did not follow false religious heavenly cults (Job 31:26-31:28)

Job never gloated over others (Job 31:29-31:34)

God would listen to Job (Job 31:35-31:37)

Job provided for the land (Job 31:38-31:40)


III.      The discourse of Elihu

The intervention of the angry Elihu (Job 32:1-32:5)

Elihu was afraid to speak because of his young age (Job 32:6-32:10)

Elihu points out the failure of the three wise comforters (Job 32:11-32:14)

Elihu is eager to give his opinion (Job 32:15-32:22)

Elihu attacks the presumptions of Job (Job 33:1-33:7)

Elihu reviews Job’s defense (Job 33:8-33:11)

God is greater than any mortal man (Job 33:12-33:22)

God’s mediator is an angel (Job 33:23-33:28)

All the things that God does (Job 33:29-33:33)

Elihu turns on the three wise men (Job 34:1-34:9)

Elihu explains that God is always just (Job 34:10-34:15)

God controls human life (Job 34:16-34:20)

God enacts his justice (Job 34:21-34:26)

The role of the godless ones (Job 34:27-34:30)

The sin of Job is rebellion (Job 34:31-34:37)

Elihu explained the advantage of being a sinner (Job 35:1-35:4)

What effect does Job have on God? (Job 35:5-35:8)

Elihu maintains that Job speaks out of ignorance (Job 35:9-35:16)

Elihu continues to speaks for God (Job 36:1-36:4)

The true sense of God’s justice (Job 36:5-36:12)

The godless ones (Job 36:13-36:16)

The purpose of Job’s suffering (Job 36:17-36:21)

The power of God (Job 36:22-36:23)

The hymn to the divine power over the climate (Job 36:24-36:37)

God controls thunder, lightning, and rain (Job 37:1-37:13)

Elihu addresses Job (37:14-37:20)

God is powerful like the sun (Job 37:21-37:24)


 IV. The discourse of Yahweh

1. First discourse

Yahweh confronts Job directly (Job 38:1-38:3)

Yahweh questions Job about creation (Job 38:4-38:7)

Yahweh questions Job about the seas (Job 38:8-38:11)

Yahweh questions Job about the dawn (Job 38:12-38:15)

Yahweh questions Job about darkness (Job 38:16-38:18)

Yahweh questions Job about light and darkness (Job 38:19-38:21)

Yahweh questions Job about the weather (Job 38:22-38:24)

Yahweh questions Job about rain (Job 38:25-38:27)

Yahweh questions Job about frost (Job 38:28-38:30)

Yahweh questions Job about the stellar constellations (Job 38:31-38:33)

Yahweh questions Job about the clouds (Job 38:34-38:38)

Yahweh questions Job about the animals (Job 38:39-38:41)

Yahweh questions Job about mountain goats (Job 39:1-39:4)

Yahweh questions Job about wild asses (Job 39:5-39:8)

Yahweh questions Job about wild oxen (Job 39:9-39:12)

Yahweh questions Job about ostriches (Job 39:13-39:18)

Yahweh questions Job about cavalry horses (Job 39:19-39:25)

Yahweh questions Job about hawks (Job 39:26-39:30)

Yahweh asks Job about his arguments (Job 40:1-40:2)

Job responds (Job 40:3-40:5)


2. Second discourse

Yahweh responds to Job (Job 40:6-40:9)

The power of Yahweh over the proud and wicked (Job 40:10-40:14)

A description of Behemoth (Job 40:15-40:18)

The life of the Behemoth (Job 40:19-40:24)

Leviathan (Job 41:1-41:2)

How to handle the Leviathan (Job 41:3-40:11)

A description of Leviathan (Job 41:12-41:24)

It is hard to kill the Leviathan (Job 41:25-41:29)

The power of Leviathan (Job 41:30-41:34)

The last response of Job (Job 42:1-42:6)


 V. The epilogue

Yahweh blames the three wise men (Job 42:7-42:9)

Yahweh restores the fortune of Job (Job 42:10-42:15)

Job dies as an old man (Job 42:16-42:17)


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