“King Amaziah was twenty-five years old when he began to reign. He reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the sight of Yahweh, yet not with a true heart. As soon as the royal power was firmly in his hand, he killed his servants who had murdered his father the king, King Joash. However, he did not put their children to death, according to what is written in the law, in the book of Moses, where Yahweh commanded. ‘The parents shall not be put to death for the children, or the children be put to death for the parents. All shall be put to death for their own sins.”
Parts of this section are almost word for word from 2 Kings, chapter 12. The 25 year old son of King Joash began his rule after the murder of his father. Thus the short era of the 2 kings of Judah and Israel with the same name of Joash came to a quick end. King Amaziah had a different name than his grandfather King Ahaziah, because of the m and h. These names are tricky. However, King Amaziah was important because he ruled for 29 years. His mother was Jehoaddan or Jehoaddin as she was called in 2 Kings. One of his first actions was to avenge the death of his father by killing his servants who had murdered his father. However, there is the important remark about not killing their children. Many of the kings tried to wipe out entire families by killing their children so that there would be no heir. Here there is a strong reminder of the Mosaic Law that only the sinner, no one in his family, should be put to death. This is based on the explicit and exact saying from Deuteronomy, chapter 24, about individual responsibility.