The size of the Temple (2 Chr 3:3-3:4)

“These are King Solomon’s measurements for building the house of God. The length, in cubits of the old standard, was sixty cubits. The breadth was twenty cubits. The vestibule in front of the nave of the house was twenty cubits long, across the width of the house. Its height was one hundred and twenty cubits.”

This is the same description of the size of the Temple as in 1 Kings, chapter 6. To review, a cubit is the length from your elbow to the tip of your middle finger, about 1 foot, 6 inches, so that 2 cubits = 1 yard or 3 feet. This Temple building was 60 cubits long, (30 yards or 90 feet long). Its width was 20 cubits or (10 yards wide or 30 feet wide), which is not very wide. It was 3 times as long as it was wide. The vestibule or porch in front of the temple was the same width as the temple, (20 cubits) 30 feet wide.   Here there is no indication of its depth, which was only (10 cubits) 15 feet in 1 Kings. However, it was higher than it was wider at 30 cubits, (15 yards high or 45 foot high) in 1 Kings, but here the vestibule is 120 cubits, which would be 60 yards or 180 feet high. Therefore it was 6 times higher than it was wider, 30 feet wide and 180 feet high. This height seems a little funny. This seems like a pretty small building by today’s standards. It would be the equivalent of a small portion of a football field, 30 yards by 10 yards, or what we might call a small chapel today.

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