“King David assembled all the leaders of Israel together with the priests and the Levites. The Levites, thirty years old and upward, were counted. The total was thirty-eight thousand. ‘Twenty-four thousand of these,’ David said, ‘shall have charge of the work in the house of Yahweh. Six thousand shall be officers and judges. Four thousand shall be gatekeepers. Four thousand shall offer praises to Yahweh with the instruments that I have made for praise. David organized them into three divisions, corresponding to the sons of Levi, Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.”
What seems strange here is that counting the Levites is not a bad thing when there was such chagrin in chapter 21 about the Davidic census that was Satan inspired. There were 38,000 Levite men over the age of 30. 24,000 were assigned to the house of Yahweh, the Temple. That small Temple would be teeming with Levites. 6,000 of the Levites would be officers and judges, which seems high but reasonable. 4,000 gatekeepers seems a little excessive. 4,000 Levites offering praise is high but not as bad as some of the other categories. King David once again used the 3 older categories of Levites, (1) Gershonites, (2) Kohathites, and (3) Merarites, the 3 sons that formed the Levi clans as in chapter 6 of this book.