“The Gadites lived in Gilead, in Bashan and in its towns, and in all the pasture lands of Sharon to their limits. All of these were enrolled by genealogies in the days of King Jotham of Judah, and in the days of King Jeroboam of Israel.”
The Gad clan lived in the Gilead land, Bashan, and around it. The term Gilead appears more than 130 times in the biblical literature, referring to a mountainous region east of the Jordan River, bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab. Gilead was the name of a territory and the name of a person in Judges, chapter 11. The Gadites ruled Bashan and the surrounding territory. Sharon was some land on the west bank and also here on the east bank of the Jordan River. This biblical author seems to be relying on information from the census that King Jotham in Judah (740-736 BCE) and King Jeroboam II (783-743 BCE) in Israel took during the 8th century BCE.