The descendents of Esau (1 Chr 1:35-1:37)

“The sons of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.  The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. The sons of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.”

Based on Genesis, chapter 36, these are the 5 sons of Esau. Esau had at least 4 Canaanite wives. Apparently Esau settled in Edom and had three local wives. Esau became known as Edom just as Jacob became Israel. (1) Eliphaz whose mother was Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite was considered the father of the Teman. (2) Reuel was a common name of the biblical literature. His mother was Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth. The final 3 sons (3) Jeush, (4) Korah, and (5) Jalam were common names. They had a common mother, who was Oholibamah, daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon the Hivite. Notice that there is a difference between Hittite and Hivite. Apparently Esau had no children with Judith the daughter of Beeri, who was also a Hittite. The 7 sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Zephi has an “i” here while in Genesis it is an “o”, Zepho. There is a little confusion about Timna and Amalek. Here they are sons of Eliphaz. In Genesis, Amalek was the only son from his concubine Timna since Timna was not a son. Eliphaz’s sons became the chiefs of Edom with Amalek playing a major role. The 4 sons of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah, who had names that appear elsewhere.

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