“The the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken over all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River.”
The kingdom of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon extended from Egypt to the Euphrates River, quite a large space of land that included the already captured Israel and the vassal Judah. He had defeated both the Assyrians and the Egyptians with a famous battle in 605 BCE at Carchemish. Nebuchadnezzar will play an important role in the Jewish prophetic and apocalyptic literature because of the destruction of the temple at Jerusalem. In fact, his influence on Saddam Hussein (1937-2006), fifth president of Iraq (1979-2003), was also eventful since Hussein considered himself a reincarnation of King Nebuchadnezzar.