The Levite priests (Deut 18:1-18:8)

“The Levitical priests, the whole tribe of Levi, shall have no allotment or inheritance within Israel. They may eat the sacrifices that are Yahweh’s portion but they shall have no inheritance among the other members of the community. Yahweh is their inheritance, as he promised them.”

The Levites were separate, and treated accordingly, as indicated in Exodus, chapter 28, Leviticus, chapters 6-7, and Numbers, chapter 18. They had no land inheritance since Yahweh was their inheritance.

“This shall be the priests’ due from the people, from those offering a sacrifice, whether an ox or sheep. They shall give to the priest the shoulder, the two jaws, and the stomach. The first fruits of your grain, your wine, and your oil, as well as the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him. For Yahweh your God has chosen Levi out of all your tribes, to stand and minister in the name of Yahweh, him and his sons for all time.”

Due to this special privilege of serving Yahweh, they get the shoulder, jaws and stomach of the offered animals. They also get the first fruits of the grain, vine, oil and fleece.

“If a Levite leaves any of your towns, from wherever he has been residing in Israel, and comes to the place that Yahweh will choose, and he may come whenever he chooses, then he may minister in the name of Yahweh his God like all his fellow-Levites who stand to minister there before Yahweh. They shall have equal portions to eat, even though they have income from the sale of family possessions.”

The Levite may leave his town to go the place where Yahweh will choose and minister in that place where he can get equal portions to eat. Obviously, things might be better in that busy chosen place than in his small home town.

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